The Maldives

The Maldives are a chain of some 19 islands group in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of India and Sri Lanka, extending over 764 km south to jut beyond the equator.

The islands are atolls-coral reefs surrounding the peaks of a submerged volcanic mountain range. In all, there are almost 2000 islands, but only about 200 are inhabited. The climate is mainly hot and humid. Nearby barrier reefs provide the only protection from occasional violent monsoon-related cyclones.

Parts of the Maldives resemble an idyllic island paradise. The island is crowned with rich forests of breadfruit and palm, and is ringed with sandy beaches and clear lagoons.

The Andaman and nicobar

The Adman and Nicobar Islands are a long string of 293 islands in the Bay of Bengal. The northern part of the string of islands is called Andaman and southern part nicobar. Indira point of the Nicobar Islands is the southernmost part of India. These islands are covered with thick forest and people live on a few big islands. These islands are linked by air and sea routes with Kolkata, Chennai and Bhubaneswar. The climate of these islands is pleasant throughout the year.

Water circulate

The water cycles are the journey of water as it circulates from the land to the sky and back. Read the differentiations of various terms related to water cycle.


It is the process in which water collection in oceans, seas and lakes.


It is the process in which water vapor in the air turns into liquid water. Clouds are farmed when water condenses. You might have seen water drops that from on the outside of a glass containing cold water.


It is the process in which liquid water becomes water vapor. Water vaporizes from the surfaces of oceans, seas, lakes or when snow on mountains melts.


It is the process in which water falls from clouds in the sky in the form of rain, snow, sleet or hail.

Subsurface runoff

It is the rainwater or water from melting snow that flows in underground streams, drains or sewers.

Surface runoff

It is rainwater or water from melting snow that flow in streams, rivers or canals on land surface.


It is the process in which some water from within the plants evaporates into the atmosphere. You know that water absorbed by the plant’s roots exits by evaporating through pores in the plant.


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